Carbon is a remarkable element for many reasons. Its different forms include one of the softest (graphite) and one of the hardest (diamond) substances known to man.Also, it has a great affinity for the chemical bonds with other light atoms, and its small size make it capable of forming multiple bonds. These properties allow the existence of 10 million carbon compounds. They form the basis of all life on Earth and provide some of the energy produced by the sun and other stars.
Carbon is a vital component of all known living systems, and without it life as we know it would not exist. The main commercial use of carbon is in the form of hydrocarbons, mainly fossil fuels, natural gas and petroleum gas. The oil is used by the petrochemical industry to produce, among others, gasoline, diesel and kerosene (or kerosine) in refineries, through a distillation process. The oil provides the basic material for many synthetic substances which are collectively called plastics.
Other uses in which we use it:
wheels and bicycle frames
wheelchairs for the disabled